Jelly Roll Morton
Armstrong Hot Five
A. The Songs
Early Jazz - or Dixieland - created during the early twentieth century (1900 – 1928)1; its four primary impacts had been ragtime, army brass bands, the blues, and gospel music.
The typical instrumentation of a Dixieland band had been (and still is) trumpet (or cornet), clarinet, trombone, piano, string bass (or tuba), drums, and banjo (or guitar).
C. Collective Improvisation
The main feature of Dixieland jazz is "collective improvisation;" which, without each musician using a solo in turn (as with most types of jazz today), Dixieland jazz artists all improvise at the same time.
D. Roles of every Tool
Each instrument has its own certain role:
- trumpet or cornet: plays the melody (jazzed up)
- clarinet: contributes to (embellishes) the melody
- trombone: frequently embellishes the bass range but sometimes plays the melody, "afterbeats" (adding into rhythm), and sound effects such as "smears" and "slides"
- piano and banjo (or guitar): play chords
- string bass or tuba: plays the bass line
- drums: keeps the beat constant and moving
E. Marching Rings
Dixieland rings (excluding piano and using tuba without string bass) were originally small marching groups.
F. Funeral Processions
Besides playing for dances and parties, in the early 1900's Dixieland rings would additionally play for funerals (marching together with the procession) in party of the lifetime of the departed.
G. Louis Armstrong
- Louis Armstrong had been the initial great jazz soloist (improviser) and something of the most crucial numbers in jazz record.
- There are those that say that without Louis Armstrong, there is no jazz these days.
Most very early Dixieland jazz musicians were African United states.
We. Listening Instances
Hear recordings of very early jazz:
- King Oliver and Louis Armstrong’s "Dippermouth Blues" and also the Original Dixieland Jass Band’s "Dixie Jazz Band One-Step" regarding Instrumental reputation for Jazz
- Louis Armstrong’s "Workingman Blues, " the initial Dixieland Jass Band’s "Livery Stable Blues, " Jelly Roll Morton’s "Jelly Roll Blues, " and Bix Beiderbecke’s "Singin’ the Blues" (click below)